In 2001 a group of citizens in Sandusky, Ohio tried to change the city government to a mayor/ward system. This site tells about that election. The site remains for others to use for research or to learn what can happen in their own fight for change.
Sanduskians for Mayor/Ward 2001
"A mayor form and ward system basically provides more direct participation from the citizens. The government becomes more proactive, more goal-oriented, because there's basically a voter referendum every four years on the city's leadership." - Kevin Zeiher
"The ward system identifies a person with a particular area of town, and he'll be more responsible to those people in that area." - Dannie Edmon
Exception - thoughts about the City not getting
competitive bids from engineering and architectural firms|
Eureka!!! - I think I finally understand Donny's Dictionary on Emergency Legislation and also on the City not getting bids on contracts! Thinking about the news article below is what finally turned the light on for me:
I read the Charter of the City of Sandusky, then I pulled up Anderson's Ohio Revised Code. I searched under "contract", "peculiar", "bid", "bidding", "exception", "engineer", and "specific." I couldn't find the exception that Icsman refers to. But then I started thinking about it. Think about the words: "peculiar" (1. of only one person, thing, etc.; exclusive 2. particular; special 3. odd; strange) and "specific" (1. definite; explicit 2. peculiar to or characteristic of something. 3. of a particular sort or kind.)
If the City had a project and is was so strange that there was only one firm that even did that sort of work, of course, they couldn't get three bids for the project. It would only be reasonable for the City to hire that one specific company. So it MIGHT be possible that there is an exception as Icsman says. Let's assume that Icsman as right and there is such an exception.
Icsman pointed out to the Commissioners that THEY are the ones who decide what is an "emergency". It only follows that the Commissioners are also the ones who decide what is "peculiar and specific". If the Commissioners say something is "an emergency" or that something is "peculiar and specific" then the Courts will agree. The Courts assume that the Commission is made up of reasonable people who understand "dictionary English". And since the Courts cannot possible know all the details why a Commission made up of reasonable people would pass things as "emergencies" or decide a project is "peculiar and specific", the Courts would support the Commission in their decision.
So, City Commission, get out YOUR DICTIONARIES and START THINKING and TRUST YOUR OWN JUDGMENT!!!!!
If there are three engineering firms that do railroad-related work from which the City could get bids for the study, then you would have to ask yourself if the project was "peculiar and specific". (Unfortunately, in the case of the above study, it does NOT fit the test. There are many more than three engineering firms who could bid on the work including some firms in Ohio. This work was NOT "peculiar and specific.")
It is the same for emergency legislation. The Commission members are the reasonable people who decide what is and what is not an emergency.
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